Here are 10 innovative homemade survival techniques to keep you alive, with a few dollars left in your pocket:
1. Survival Biscuits
When you begin to get peckish on a long sea voyage and the last packet of crisps were gobbled days ago, or find yourself stranded in the jungle without '101 Berries You Shouldn't Eat or You Will Die Horribly', we have found a perfect recipe to keep you alive and satisfied, without the need of a refrigerator.
Hardtack is a long lasting cracker made from basic flour and water. The art of making it last is in the making of it so read carefully:
• Preheat the oven to 350 degrees
• Measure 2 cups of flour, and put in a mixing bowl.
• Slowly add water (salted or unsalted) a little at a time to make a dough.
• Roll out the dough until it is 1/4 inch thick (you can make it thicker, but remember there are no dentists out in the wilderness to fix any chips on your teeth!)
• Cut the dough into squares, bigger than the modern saltine cracker. Use a fork to prick holes in the top to let the steam escape.
• Lay out squares on a baking tray.
• The cooking temperatures vary, so listen up! -Bake at 350 degrees of the first 15 minutes. For the next 30 minutes cook at 250 degrees, and then for another 30 minutes, turn the heat down to 200 degrees.
• Throughout, flip them with a spatula so they are evenly cooked on both sides.
• You will know they are done when the squares are hard, and either still white or off white. Don't wait until they burn!
• And....Voila! You are ready for an adventure.
2. Pocket Lint
You'll be happy to know that you carry around highly flammable materials every time you wear your favourite blue jeans. Well, maybe not particularly happy in normal circumstances, but when you need to light a fire pretty quickly and need to get your hands on some tinder, just reach into your pocket and use the lint! It ignites very quickly-you'll be glad you wore your favourite jeans on your hiking-trip-gone-wrong.
3. A Drop of Oil
Of course we all know that water is crucial to our survival. However, many an adventurer has uncovered they have finished their last drop of Evian on a 4 day mountain trek, and the only alternative is some dodgy looking lake water. What can be done?!
You can use lime or grapefruit Essential Oil to purify water.
Just add 1 drop per gallon.
Stir it well.
Let the mixture stand for a half hour before drinking.
If the water is cloudy with suspended particles:
First filter the water as best you can.
4. Thompson's Water Seal
The last thing you want to find is how that bargain/cheap poncho you bought last minute isn't actually waterproof. And now it's raining. And you are very, very far from home. This water seal is a great way of avoiding the problem, and is really easy to get hold of.
You can use it on loads of things before your big trip- tents, tarps, whatever fabrics you can think of! Just test it on a small area and then just dip or coat the item. Wonderful!
5. Pet Food Can Stove
This is a very easy to make, home built stove. The 'Super Cat' stove, as it’s known, is made from a single 3 ounce aluminium pet food can that serves as both the stove and the pot stand. Once you've gathered your materials, it takes only a few minutes to complete. It has a reputation of being able to boil 2 cups of water in under 4 minutes.
Now that you've a hot tea in your hand, it's time to work out where in the world you are...
Click here to download a copy of the SUPER CAT build instructions. The document is an Acrobat (PDF) file about 1.6MB in size, and contains text, photos and diagrams that will allow you to easily construct your own stove.
6. Cotton Ball Fire starters
With just a few simple cotton balls and some Vaseline/petroleum jelly, you can make a homemade fire starter. Here are the instructions:
1. Get a bag cotton balls.
2. Get some petroleum jelly.
3. Get a plastic bag, empty 35mm film canister, or similar container. The cotton balls are kind of messy, and you don’t want these rolling around in your preparedness kit.
4. Lightly compress one cotton ball with your fingers. Dip the cotton ball in the jelly, enough to cover most of one side.
5. Use your fingers to work the jelly around the entire exterior of the cotton ball while compressing the cotton ball as much as you can. Use the jelly to “seal” stray fibers in place.
6. Repeat until you’ve had enough.
Now you’re set to go!
7. Creating Water Proof Matches
The BEST & SAFEST Method for making your own waterproof matches is to use Turpentine. (Turpentine has a higher "flash point" relative to Acetone, which commonly used in Nail Polish. Nor does it involve the use of flame as is needed in the Wax or Paraffin methods.)
1. Pour 2 to 3 large tablespoons of Turpentine into a small (Tumbler sized) glass.
2. Place the matches, (Head down) into the Turpentine and allow the matches to soak for 5 minutes. During that time the turpentine will soak into the head as well as the stem. All the water will be driven off by the turpentine.
3. Remove the matches and spread them out to dry out on a sheet of newspaper. Generally, 20 minutes for excess turpentine to be evaporated is recommended. Matches treated in this way remain waterproof for several months or longer.
Cheap and Easy!
8. Fire from a Can of Coke and a Chocolate Bar
By rubbing chocolate onto the bottom of the can you can create a high shine. By focusing the sun onto some timber using the can, you create a fire.
But please, don't eat the chocolate after the rubbing process. It won't taste too good, and isn't good for your survival!
9. Wooden Snow Goggles
Ok, so they're not Ray Ban Wayfarers, and you're likely to turn heads on the beach for the wrong reason, but these bark sunglasses may be a requirement for your survival.
Unless you protect your eyes from the sun, ultra violet rays can actually burn your eyes. The symptoms may be delayed, so at some point on your trip you may find yourself unable to find your way to safety.
So, follow these simple instructions:
1. Cut the bark into a rectangular shape.
2. Measure the distance between the centre points of your eyes.
3. Transfer this measurement to the centre of the bark and cut out a small slit for each eye. The slit should not be very large, perhaps 1/8 inch wide at most.
4. In the centre bottom of the bark cut out a wedge shaped piece for the bridge of your nose.
Survival snow goggles are made from whatever materials are at hand in order to protect the wearer from snow blindness. Wood, bark, cloth, or other materials can be used. And you never know, it could be the next big thing.
10. Candle/Cardboard Stove
The buddy burner is a nice little stove made from the simplest of materials. Just remember to put some paper under before you pour the wax - view the source and see what we mean!
It's especially nice because it is pretty immune to moisture and, unlike propane, will light at fairly low temperatures. Plus, they should burn for about 2-3 hours, which isn't bad considering its size and weight.
All you need are:
• A tin Can
• Some Cardboard
• A small amount of Tin Foil
Just shove it in your back pack and go on an adventure!
Here is a video on YouTube: